Appeal Courts

Article 31 of the Law on Organization and Jurisdiction of Courts:

  • Court of Appeals shall be established in all the provinces in accordance with this law.
  • The Court of Appeals shall be composed of chief of the court, heads of Dewans and other judicial members. Head of the Court of Appeals shall be selected from among the judges who have enough qualification, experience and competency.
  • Head of the General Criminal Dewan shall be deputy head of court of appeals.

Based on article 32 of the Law on Organization and Jurisdiction of Courts, the Courts of Appeals shall contain the following Dewans:

  • General Criminal Dewan
  • Public Security Dewan
  • Civil and Family Dewan
  • Public Rights Dewan
  • Commercial Dewan
  • Juveniles Dewan

There shall not be more than six judicial members within each Dewan of the Court of Appeals.

General Criminal Dewan of court of appeals shall resolve traffic originated cases.The Supreme Court may as needed establish other Dewans within the structure of the Court of Appeals with the approval of the President.Follow-up on decisions and rulings (Qarar)

Article 33 of the Law on Organization and Jurisdiction of Courts:

  • The Court of Appeals shall oversee the rulings and decisions of the lower courts, in situations according to the provisions of the related laws.
  • The Court of Appeals while resolving cases set forth in clause (1) of this article shall reconsider the whole legal process. It may correct, overturn, amend, confirm or repeal the rulings and decisions of the lower courts.

Finality of decisions and rulings

Article 35 of the Law on Organization and Jurisdiction of Courts:

  • The issued decisions and rulings of the Court of Appeals shall be final in all relevant cases